Three As Plus One
Facilitating Dialogue, Organizing Learning
This process provides a structure for focused dialogue about text that learners have read.
- Have learners sit in groups of four and letter off A through D. After reading the text selection, provide each student with four index cards and ask them to record the following on individual index cards:
- One thing with which you agree.
- One thing with which you might argue.
- One thing to which you aspire.
- The fourth card is assigned later.
- To begin, all group members show their agree cards in the middle of the table.
- A synthesizes what everyone agrees with and leads a group discussion around the values, beliefs and experiences that might have led to these agreements.
- Repeat the process with the argue cards with B leading the synthesis and dialogue, and then with the aspire cards with C leading the synthesis/dialogue.
- To conclude, each learner then takes their fourth unassigned card and records a personal “Aha” — an insight from the reading and dialogue.
- Repeat the process with the “Aha” cards with D leading the synthesis and dialogue.
- Bring learners back to whole group discussion of their insights.
- Index cards (4 per learner)
Adapted from: Lipton, L., & Wellman, B. (2011). Groups at work: Strategies and structures for professional learning (p. 86). MiraVia, LLC.